For Kaercher (2006) perhaps the main task of Geography is to enhance the commitment that fortifies the democratic and ethical values more expanding each time the respect to the other and to the different one. In this perspective, this article has for objective to search elements, from the bibliographical research, capable of to contribute with the quarrel how much to the possibility and if to work Geography in the groups of EJA, the search of the local support. 2. EJA, Geography and Environment the illiteracy if configures in our country, while chronic illness, inheritance of our history that has decades if tries to eradicate. The data on illiteracy have demonstrated how much it is necessary to extend the efforts in the educational area.
As data of the IBGE (2005) the tax of illiteracy of the population above of 15 years in the Bahia is of 18,8%, almost the double of the national tax (10.9%) and very next to the tax of the Northeast Region, that is of 21,9%. Moreover, the tax of illiteracy of this population in the agricultural zone is one of highest of country – 31.6%. It is important to also know that, when analyzed the taxes of functional illiteracy, this picture if becomes still more critical. The Bahia practically fold its general average, going for 35,6%, being that in the Field the tax goes up for 55,6%. The low levels of escolaridade where if it finds great part of the urban populations of low income and more acentuadamente of the field, continues being responsible for a sufficiently considerable number still of excluded, that beyond promoting the low one auto-they esteem, exactly provokes the incredulity of the citizen in itself, the autonomy lack, as well as the lack of perspective of its inclusion as citizen, promoting of this form, its continuous exclusion and pauperizao thus disabling the conquest of one better quality of life.
As much the natural environment, how much the transformed environment, is resulted of the action of the man and of the society, thus it must be understood as, social environment. Moreover, having as base the appropriation of the ground urban, the same one finished unchaining a series of problems, amongst which, the occupation and inadequate exploration urban natural surrounding it. It is not of interest of this work, to argue questions as, of sanitation or the garbage, for example, that, although to be directly on to problematic ambient the urban one and to intervene with the quality of life of the city dwellers, transcedem the reflections of analysis of the present moment. yes, to present one brief quarrel on the urban environment. Soon, what it is intended in this work is to explanar, at a first moment, the city from the espacialidade and of the social relations in its social and historical nature. Being followed, with the characterization of the social environment, differentiating it of the natural one, beyond to approach some characteristics of the new face of the urban planning.
2 URBAN ENVIRONMENT Regarding city, is essential to think it while materialization of the general conditions of the production process about its totality. In concurrence, the geographic process if creates and if it develops to the measure that the society is developed. Such fact happens by means of the production process, that is, for the work, what it becomes the society more each materialized time. Moreover, she is necessary to leave of concepts, which assist in the understanding, its constitution and the transformations for which the city passes. To endorse in this source means to think the city from the espacialidade, of the social relations in its nature, social and historical. In the same direction, Carlos (1997) affirms that, Must itself be remembered that the city has the dimension of the human being reflecting and multiplying through the movement of the life, of a specific time that has in the base the construction process human being (CARLOS, 1997, p.61 here).